Study shows women do worse than men after heart attack
Women age 55 and younger may fare worse than men after having a heart attack, according to new research presented at the American Heart Association’s Quality of Care and Outcomes Research Scientific Sessions 2014.
“Previous studies show young women have a greater burden of pre-existing risk factors,” said Rachel P. Dreyer, Ph.D., the study’s first author and a post-doctoral research associate in cardiovascular medicine at Yale School of Medicine in New Haven, Connecticut. “These factors have shown to be more strongly associated with adverse outcomes in women than men.”
Women’s poorer health outcomes may be due to a range of socio-demographic, clinical and biological causes.
Researchers studied 3,501 people, 67 percent women, who had heart attacks in the United States and Spain in 2008-12. One year after their heart attack, women were more likely than men to have:
- Poorer physical functioning
- Poorer mental functioning
- Lower quality of life
- More chest pain
- Worse physical limitations
Women may do worse because of socio-demographic, clinical and biological causes, such as undetected chest pain, limited access to care and increase in work and life responsibilities, she said.
“Our results can be important in developing treatments specifically designed to improve young women’s recovery after a heart attack.” Dreyer said. “We need to identify women at higher risk as well as think about care after they are discharged.”
For more information:
Stories available for linking, quoting, excerpting, reprinting
Stories appearing on blog.heart.org under the "By American Heart Association News" byline are available for linking, quoting, excerpting and reprinting. Copyright is owned or held by the American Heart Association, Inc., and all rights are reserved. Permission is granted, at no cost and without need for further request, to link to, quote, excerpt or reprint from these stories in any medium as long as no text is altered and proper attribution is made to the American Heart Association. Additional conditions may apply to the use of these stories in printed materials.
American Heart Association additional conditions for linking, quoting, excerpting, reprinting stories in print media
- A credit line of American Heart Association News must be prominently placed on the page in which the American Heart Association materials appear.
- The American Heart Association logo and service marks may only be used if they appear on the materials requested.
- Stories reprinted may be edited for length, but no other deletions, alterations or other changes may be made without the prior written consent of the American Heart Association.
- Artwork labeled "American Heart Association" may be reprinted, but other artwork may not. For artwork permission questions, contact email@example.com
- Stories reprinted may not be placed adjacent to any advertisement, photo, graphic or other content that could be considered inappropriate by the American Heart Association. For questions about whether content is inappropriate, contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Stories may not be displayed in any way that gives the appearance that the American Heart Association endorses (implied or otherwise) or is affiliated with any product, service or company.